Rites of Hajj: A brief summary
Intention (Niyyah and Ihram)
Entering into a state of Ihram from Meeqat and wear unsewn clothes
Tawaf Al-Qudum (Arrival)
When the pilgrim arrives in Mecca he/she proceeds to perform Tawaf (7 rounds) starting from the Black stone and leaving the Qaa’bah on his left. Kissing the black stone is a sunnah , if one cannot kiss it; touching it will be enough. The pilgrim could say any supplication during Tawaf. After completing Tawaf, he/she performs two Rak’ah behind the station of Abraham or elsewhere.
Saa’ye between Al-Safa and Al-Marwa
After Tawaf Al-Qudum, the pilgrim proceeds to Al-Safa and Al-Marwa hills where he/she will run the distance between it seven times.
Proceed to Mina
By the 8th day of Dhl-Hijja ( the day of talbiyah), pilgrims proceed to spend the night in Mina. They pray Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib , Isha and Fajr prayers.
Wuquf in Arafat
Pilgrims have to proceed to Arafat after the sun-rising of the 9th day of Dhul-Hijja. It is Mustahabb ( preferable) to reach Arafat before the afternoon to communally perform the prayers of Dhuhr and Asr. It is equally Mustahabb to ask Allah and supplicate him, to pray on his messenger ( peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Wuquf in Arafat does not mean that sitting is prohibited.
Proceed to spend the night in Muzdalifah
After the sunset in Dhl-Hijja 9, pilgrims proceed to Muzdalifah and pray the prayer of Maghrib ans Isha. They spend the night there.
Stoning of the devil
After the prayer in Dhul-Hijja 10, it is Mustahab (preferable) to walk toward Mina. When pilgrims reach Jamarah of Aqaba, they throw it by seven stones.
After stoning, pilgrims cut or shorten their hair. Concerning women, they have to cut a small part of their hair.
Pilgrims return to Mecca to perform Tawaf Al-Ifadha redoind what they have already done in the first.Thus, what has been prohibited is allowed after this Tawaf.
Return to Mina
Mina: By the 11.12.13 Dhul-Hijja, Pilgrims return to Mina where they reside and each day throw stones at the devil. It is permissible for those who cannot throw stones to ask someone else to do so in their places.
Farewell Tawaf of the
When the pilgrim accomplishes all the rites and he/she wants to leave Mecca, he/she should perform tawaf of the farewell ( 7rounds around the Qa’bah ) and then performs two Rak’ahs and drink from the Zamzam well asking Allah for acceptance and forgiveness. Thus all the rites of Hajj come to an end.