Fatwas on Stoning the Jamarat
Fatwas on Stoning the Jamarat
- Ruling concerning perfroming ramee (stoning) on 11th Day of Dhul-Hijjah, then the tawaaf before travelling
Question : What is the ruling concerning one who performs ramee (stoning) on the 11th day (of Dhul-Hijjah), then makes Tawaf al-Wadaa (Farewell Tawaf) around the House (Ka'bah) before travelling?
Answer : If he performs ramee (stoning) on the 11th day (of Dhul-Hijjah), then makes the Tawaf al-Wadaa (Farewell Tawaf) around the House (Ka'bah) and then travels, he has neglected two obligations (upon him) and they are the ramee of the jamaaraat on the 12th day (of Dhul-Hijjah) and remaining in Minaa the night prior to the 12th day (of Dhul-Hijjah). So he is, therefore, required to make two fidyah's (as compensation) according to what many people of knowledge have said, so he must slaughter them in Mecca and donate it there.
Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen
Fataawa al-Hajj wal-'Umrah waz-Ziyaarah - Page 117
- It is not permissible to delay stoning Jamarat al-Aqabah until the days of al-tashreeq with no excuse
Question: Is it permissible or not for a pilgrim to delay the first stoning of Jamrat Al-Aqabah until the second or third of the days of Al-Tashreeq with no excuse? What is the runling on the one who does that?
Answer: It is not permissible for the pilgrim to delay stoning Jamrat al-‘Aqabah until the second or third of the days of al-Tashreeq with no excuse, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) stoned it on the day of Eid, and the Sahaabah (companions) followed him in that, and they did not delay it until the days of al-Tashreeq with no excuse. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Learn from me your rituals of Hajj. The one who delays it until the days of al-Tashreeq with no excuse has gone against the Sunnah, and will be deprived of some of the reward for his Hajj, and he has to ask Allaah for forgiveness for what he has done, and strive to do the rituals in the prescribed manner in the future.
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Baaz, Shaykh ‘Abd al-Razzaaq ‘Afeefi, Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Ghadyaan, Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Qa’ood.
Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wa’l-Ifta (11/217).
- Evidence for the ritual of stoning the Jamarat during Hajj Is there any reference in the Holy Quran on stoning at the Jamaraat.
Stoning the Jamaraat is one of the obligatory rituals of Hajj and is prescribed for everyone who intends to perform this great pilgrimage. This ritual is mentioned clearly in the Sunnah and its authenticity is agreed upon by the scholars.
It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) seated al-Fadl behind him on his mount, and al-Fadl said that he did not stop reciting the Talbiyah until he stoned the Jamrah.
Narrated by al-Bukhari (1685) and Muslim (1282).
It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that he came to the largest Jamrah and put the House on his left and Mina on his right and stoned it with seven (pebbles), and he said: This is how the one to whom Surat al-Baqarah was revealed (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him) stoned it.
Narrated by al-Bukhari (1748) and Muslim (1296)
It was narrated from Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) that he would stone al-Jamrah al-Dunya (the Jamrah near the Khayf mosque) with seven pebbles, saying takbeer after every throw. Then he would go ahead until he reached the level ground where he would stand facing the qiblah, and he stood for a long time, offering du’aa’ and raising his hands. Then he would stone the middle pillar, then he would move to the left towards the middle ground, where he would stand facing the qiblah. He would remain there for a long time offering du’aa’ and raising his hands. Then he would stone Jamarat al-‘Aqabah from the middle of the valley, but he did not stand beside it. Then he would leave and say: This is how I saw the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him) doing it.
Narrated by al-Bukhari (1751).
Ibn al-Mundhir (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: They were unanimously agreed that if a person stones the Jamaraat during the days of al-Tashreeq after the sun has passed the meridian, that is valid.
Al-Ijmaa’ by Ibn al-Mundhir (11).
Ibn Hazm (may Allah be pleased with him) said:
They agreed that the three days after the Day of Sacrifice are the days for stoning the Jamarat, and that the one who stoned them during those days after the meridian, that is valid.
Maraatib al-Ijmaa’ by Ibn Hazm (46).
Ibn Qudaamah (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
When he reaches Mina, he should start with Jamarat al-‘Aqabah, which is the furthest of the Jamarat from Mina and the closest of them to Mecca, and it is at al-‘Aqabah, hence it is also called Jamarat al-‘Aqabah. He should stone it with seven pebbles, saying takbeer with each throw. He should stand at the middle of the valley and turn to face the qiblah, then he should leave and should not stay there. This is a summary of the views of those scholars whose views we know. End quote.
Abu Haamid al-Ghazaali (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
As for the stoning of the Jamarat, the purpose behind it is to follow the command and manifest submission and servitude to Allah, and show complete obedience without rational thought or the ego having any part in it. The aim is also to imitate Ibraheem (peace be upon him), when Iblees (Satan) (may Allah curse him) appeared to him in that place to instil confusion in his mind or tempt him to sin, and Allah commanded him to throw stones at him so as to drive him away and dash his hopes. If you ever think that the shaytaan (Satan) appeared to him and he saw him and that is why he stoned him, but as for me, the shaytaan (Satan) did not appear to me, it should be noted that this thought is from the shaytaan (Satan) and that he is the one who is putting it into your mind, so as to slow you down when you are throwing and you will imagine that it is an action in which there is nothing good and that it is like playing, so why should you bother with it? Expel him from your mind with a serious attitude and determination to throw the pebbles despite the shaytaan (Satan). Remember that you are outwardly throwing pebbles at al-‘Aqabah, but in fact you are throwing them in the face of the shaytaan (Satan) and you are breaking his back with them, because nothing annoys him except your obeying the command of Allah out of veneration for Him, simply because of His command, and the soul and mind have nothing to do with it. End quote.
Ihya’ ‘Uloom al-Deen, 1/270